注册 登录  
 加关注
   显示下一条  |  关闭
温馨提示!由于新浪微博认证机制调整,您的新浪微博帐号绑定已过期,请重新绑定!立即重新绑定新浪微博》  |  关闭

Sea of memory confidant, Tianya Zorpia.

 
 
 

日志

 
 

长白山自然保护区 (作者 宇晴)  

2009-04-19 12:40:49|  分类: 知识海洋 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

  下载LOFTER 我的照片书  |

 引用 宇晴 的 长白山自然保护区

   [介绍中国风景名胜]

         长白山自然保护区

 

          长白山自然保护区建于1960年,它以长白山天池为中心,总面积 196465 公顷,是我国建立最早、地位最重要的自然保护区之一。长白山是一座巨型复式火山,由于其独特的地理位置和地质构造,形成了神奇壮观的火山地貌,典型完整的动植物资源,富有北国情趣的冰雪风光。

   长白山是欧亚大陆北半部最具有代表性的典型自然综合体,是世界少有的“物种基因库”和“天然博物馆”。据统计,这里生存着1800多种高等植物,栖息着50多种兽类,280多种鸟类,50种鱼类以及1000多种昆虫。  

     长白山的密林深处盛产人参、北五味子等药材,野生动物有濒临绝灭的东北虎及马鹿、紫貂、水獭、黑熊等。鸟类中鸳鸯、黑鹳、绿头鸭等候鸟占70%。长白山也是松花江、图门江、鸭绿江三江的发源地。经联合国教科文组织批准,1980年长白山保护区加入国际生物圈保护区网,被列为世界自然保留地,在世界自然保护区中的地们日益突出,对外联系和交流日益扩大,成为了具有世界意义的自然保护区,越来越被世界人民和有关组织所关注。

       1976年以来,先后有韩、日英、美、德等20多个国家的100多位专家和有关国际组织的官员前来考察。此外,每年还有许多外国旅游客来此旅游观光。这些专家和游客,不仅了解了长白山,也了解了中国。它不仅是中国人民的宝贵财富,也是世界人民的宝贵财富!长白山自然保护区已成为中国改革开放的窗口。完善保护区的建设,必将在世界上产生更加深远的影响。

      长白山自然保护区生态效益显著,社会效益巨大,经济效益可观。据有专家研究得出,保护区生物多样性的总价值为72.91亿元。其中,直接实物产品总价值0.84亿元,直接服务经济价值4.77亿元,生态系统功能间接经济价值17.65亿元,非使用类价值49.65亿元。因此,把长白山自然保护区建设成为世界一流的保护区,是一项功在当代,利在千秋的宏伟事业。

                                   

                                          延边朝鲜族自治州   宇晴

                                                    2009.04.14. 于延边

 

[Introduce the Chinese scenery famous place for scenery or historical relics]

Chang Bai mountain natural reserve; nature preservation zone

          Natural reserve; nature preservation zone builds Chang Bai mountain on 1960 , it takes Chang Bai mountain Tianchi as centre , always covers an area of 196465 hectares, one of the natural reserve; nature preservation zone being that our country building-up is the earliest , position is the most important. Chang Bai mountain is compound one giantism volcano , geographic location and geology are structural since the person is unique , the general configuration of the earth's surface having formed magical grand sight volcano , representative entire animal and plant resource, are rich in the North temperament and interest ice and snow scene. Chang Bai mountain is that the Eurasia north half has typical representative natural synthesis most , is exceptional world "species gene pool " and "natural museum ". On the grounds of more than 1,800 species higher plant being counting , existing here, more than 50 grows beasts , more than 280 grows birds to be perching, 50 kinds fish and more than 1,000 kind insect. The Chang Bai mountain thick forest profundity abounds in medicinal material such as ginseng , north fruit of Chinese magnoliavine , the wild animal has being on verge of the manchurian tiger dying out and red deer , sable , otter , black bear etc.In birds, the mandarin duck , migrant bird such as black stork , mallard account for 70%. Chang Bai mountain is also Songhua River , pursues the door river , Yalu River San Jiang headstream. Approved by UNESCO, Chang Bai mountain protected area adds the international biosphere reserve net in 1980, the world is listed as reserving a field at ease, before fields in world natural reserve; nature preservation zone be outstanding gradually, external connection and exchange have expanded gradually , have become the natural reserve; nature preservation zone having world significance , having been paid close attention to by world people and related organization Yue Lai Yue . Successively have over the past 1976, Korea-Japan-United Kingdom-American-Germany wait for more than 100 expert and official about international organization of more than 20 country to come to examination. Come this to tour to go sightseeing besides, still having a lot of foreign the visitor touring every year. These experts and the visitor, have known Chang Bai mountain not only , have also have known China. It is precious wealth of Chinese People not only , is also precious wealth of world people! Chang Bai mountain natural reserve; nature preservation zone already becomes Chinese reform and openness window. The construction perfecting protected area, surely will produce especially far-reaching effect in in the world. Chang Bai mountain natural reserve; nature preservation zone organism's habits beneficial result is notable , social benefits is enormous , the economic effect is considerable. Appropriate an expert studying the general value reaching , protecting area biodiversity is 7,291,000,000.000001 yuan. The among them , direct material object product always is worth 84 million yuan , serve 477 million yuan of economic value directly, 1,765,000,000 yuan of indirect ecosystem function economic value, must be put into use being similar to value 4,965,000,000 yuan. Therefore, turn Chang Bai mountain natural reserve; nature preservation zone into first-rate protected area of world, magnificent cause being one to contribute to contemporary times and bring benefits for future centuries. The Yan Bian Korean Nationality Autonomous County world is clear 2009.04.14. Yu Yan edge

  评论这张
 
阅读(82)| 评论(6)
推荐

历史上的今天

在LOFTER的更多文章

评论

<#--最新日志,群博日志--> <#--推荐日志--> <#--引用记录--> <#--博主推荐--> <#--随机阅读--> <#--首页推荐--> <#--历史上的今天--> <#--被推荐日志--> <#--上一篇,下一篇--> <#-- 热度 --> <#-- 网易新闻广告 --> <#--右边模块结构--> <#--评论模块结构--> <#--引用模块结构--> <#--博主发起的投票-->
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

页脚

网易公司版权所有 ©1997-2017